Doughnut Economics

Doughnut economics is a visual framework for sustainable development that illustrates that social systems sit within overall planetary boundaries and ecological systems.[1]

It consists of two concentric rings:

  • A social foundation – to ensure that no one is left falling short on life’s essentials.


A bioregion is an area of land and/or sea defined by common patterns of natural characteristics and environmental processes (such as geology, landform patterns, climate, ecological features such as plant and animal communities). A bioregion is an area that is sufficient to maintain the integrity of the region’s biological communities, habitats, and ecosystems (Philips, 1995).…

Bioregional Planning

Bioregional planning is a planning process that seeks to preserve the integrity of a bioregion rather than a political or administrative unit. [1]

Bioregional planning emphasises the integration of social, economic and ecological factors in regional planning and management, and seeks to bring all stakeholders together through a participatory process to develop and implement a dynamic plan for a bioregion.…


What is Bioregionalism?

Advocates of bioregionalism assert that human activity should be largely constrained by ecological or geographical boundaries rather than political ones. [1]

The core principles of bioregionalism include the following notions:

  • Shifting focus away from colonial and national borders towards recognition of Indigenous biocultural landscapes and increasing autonomy on a political, social, cultural and economic level.


Biodiversity is the most complex and vital feature of our planet.  Biodiversity encompasses the sum and variety of all living things, and all their interactions – including all species of plants and animals, micro-organisms, the genetic information they contain and the ecosystems they form.…